What are the four characteristic risk factors for metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a condition that includes a cluster of risk factors specific for cardiovascular disease. The cluster of metabolic factors include abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, impaired fasting glucose, high triglyceride levels, and low HDL cholesterol levels.

What are the four factors of metabolic syndrome?

These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.

What are the risk factors for developing metabolic syndrome?

The risk of having metabolic syndrome is closely linked to overweight and obesity and a lack of physical activity. Insulin resistance also may increase your risk for metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body can’t use its insulin properly.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Where is diazepam metabolized?

What are the characteristics associated with metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome, also called insulin resistance syndrome or syndrome X, is not a disease but a group of characteristics. These characteristics include obesity, high blood pressure, elevated blood sugar levels, and high triglycerides (fat-like substances in the blood).

What are the five characteristics of metabolic syndrome?

According to the NCEP ATP III definition, metabolic syndrome is present if three or more of the following five criteria are met: waist circumference over 40 inches (men) or 35 inches (women), blood pressure over 130/85 mmHg, fasting triglyceride (TG) level over 150 mg/dl, fasting high-density lipoprotein (HDL) …

Which risk factors for heart disease are also risk factors for the development of diabetes?

High blood pressure increases the force of blood through your arteries and can damage artery walls. Having both high blood pressure and diabetes can greatly increase your risk for heart disease.

Which of the following is a major risk factor for heart disease?

Leading risk factors for heart disease and stroke are high blood pressure, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and secondhand smoke exposure, obesity, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

Which patient is at highest risk for developing metabolic syndrome?

Body mass index (BMI) greater than 25. The BMI is a measure of body fat compared with height and weight. Personal or family history of diabetes. Women who have had diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or people who have a family member with type 2 diabetes are at greater risk for metabolic syndrome.

Which of the following risks are associated with obesity?

Consequences of Obesity

  • All-causes of death (mortality)
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Coronary heart disease.
  • Stroke.
  • Gallbladder disease.
  • Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
THIS IS INTERESTING:  How is respiration related to metabolism?

Which of the following characteristics would be consistent with a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome?

You are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of the following: A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women (measured across the belly) A blood pressure of 130/85 mm Hg or higher or are taking blood pressure medications. A triglyceride level above 150 mg/dl.

Which risk factor is greatest for type 2 diabetes?

Risk factors

  • Weight. Being overweight or obese is a main risk.
  • Fat distribution. Storing fat mainly in your abdomen — rather than your hips and thighs — indicates a greater risk. …
  • Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk. …
  • Family history. …
  • Race and ethnicity. …
  • Blood lipid levels. …
  • Age. …
  • Prediabetes.

What is a characteristic of an atherogenic diet?

“Western-type diets” or “atherogenic diets” high in saturated fat and cholesterol have been linked to elevated circulating cholesterol levels, particularly LDL cholesterol,17 prompting the recommendation that humans limit their intake of these dietary constituents.

What are the markers for metabolic syndrome?

The incidence of metabolic syndrome is evidenced by the presence of three out of five criteria: larger waistline, elevated blood pressure, raised triglyceride levels, reduced HDL-cholesterol and raised fasting glycaemia (or diabetes mellitus).

What is the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome?

The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of interrelated abnormalities (namely obesity, dyslipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, and hypertension) that increase the risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This is a common metabolic disorder which increases in prevalence as the population becomes more obese.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  What does the body require for aerobic metabolism?

What are some examples of metabolic processes in cells?

The processes of making and breaking down glucose molecules are both examples of metabolic pathways. A metabolic pathway is a series of connected chemical reactions that feed one another.

What is the most common metabolic disorder?

Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1, the cause of which is unknown, although there can be a genetic factor. Type 2, which can be acquired, or potentially caused by genetic factors as well.